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Battlefield Ride

New England



Saratoga Battlefield Ride


The Saratoga Battlefield was the scene of the turning point of the Revolutionary War. General Burgoyne was marching south from Canada to Albany to meet up with British troops from New York City and from Lake Ontario. His goal was to take control of the Lake Champlain-Lake George-Hudson River waterway. Had he been successful, he would have isolated New England from the rest of the colonies and probably won the war.


Saratoga Battlefield



Begin the Ride at the Visitor's Center. Watch the 20-minute orientation film that gives a good overview of the battles. The Visitor's Center also has a Revolutionary War timeline display, a fiber-optic light map showing troop movements on the battlefield, and artifact displays. Go out and enjoy the scenic overlook of the battlefield before returning to the bikes.


Saratoga Visitor's Center


Saratoga Visitor's Center


Saratoga Visitor's Center


Saratoga Visitor's Center


Saratoga Visitor's Center



Stop 1 on the Saratoga Battlefield official tour is the Freeman Farm Overlook. Although the view is now obscured by trees, this panorama overlooks the site of some of the most intense fighting. Freeman was a loyalist and his farm was a major objective of both sides during the first battle on September 19th, 1777.


Saratoga First Battle - September 19, 1777



Stop 2 is the Neilson Farm. This pretty little red farmhouse is the last standing building from the battles. Benedict Arnold was quartered here during the battles. The American Army built fortifications along this ridge. The fortifications are now represented by white wooden marker posts with blue tops. British lines are represented by white wooden marker posts with red tops. Be sure to cross the street to see the Tomb of the Unknown Soldiers


Stop 2 - Neilson Farm - Farmhouse (Arnold's HQ)


Stop 2 - Neilson Farm - Tomb of the Unknown Soldiers


Stop 3 is Bemus Heights. This was the location of the American fortified camp. Cannons on these heights covered the road and the river. This and troops at the road forced the British to look for an alternate inland route to flank the American position and continue the march south to Albany.


Stop 3 - Bemus Heights


Stop 4 is the Chatfield Farm. Americans established lookout posts here to scan across Mill Creek and its ravine for British troop movements.


Stop 5 is the Barber Wheatfield Overlook. On October 7th, 1700 British and Hessian troops set out on a reconnaissance mission to probe the American defenses. The British were low on supplies and had been on half rations for 2 weeks. Seeing Simeon Barber's wheat field, they decided to harvest the wheat. At this point, the Americans spotted the large British force and the second battle began. The Americans prevailed and the British retreated to a pair of redoubts.


Stop 6 is the Balcarres Redoubt. The British erected strong fortifications from Balcarres Redoubt to Freeman's Farm. These fortifications are represented by white wooden marker posts with red tops. These fortifications held and the Americans were repulsed.


Stop 6 - Balcarre's Redoubt


Saratoga Second Battle - October 7, 1777


Stop 7 is the Breymann Redoubt. This small fortification anchored the far right of the British line. During fierce fighting, Benedict Arnold led a daring charge on the redoubt and was gravely injured in his left leg. Arnold's heroics led to the Americans capturing the position and flanking the British line. There is an anonymous boot memorial at the spot of Arnold's wounding to acknowledge his heroics without celebrating the man who became America's most infamous traitor.


Benedict Arnold Boot Memorial


Stop 8 is Burgoyne's Headquarters and the main British Camp. The British Commander and his troops lived here during the battles.


Stop 9 is The Great Redoubt. The British positioned cannons on these heights to guard the road & river and to protect their supplies & hospital. All British troops retreated here after the Breymann Redoubt fell.


Stop 9 - The Great Redoubt


Stop 9 - The Great Redoubt


Stop 10 is the grave of British General Simon Frasier. Frasier was brought back to the Great Redoubt after being mortally wounded in the wheat field. He asked to be buried here.


After Frasier's burial, the British Army began a retreat north. They were surrounded 10 miles north near the current Saratoga Monument in Schuylerville. Burgoyne surrendered his army near this spot. This surrender convinced the French to support the Americans which led to American Independence.


Saratoga Monument